Many babies who die within the first 4 weeks of life have a congenital disorder or were born prematurely.  In the remainder of cases the cause is unknown or due to potentially avoidable issues that have originated in pregnancy and during labour.

Around 500 babies die every year because of a trauma or event during birth that was not anticipated or well managed. Some are stillborn and some die neonatally.  Many of these deaths, when they occur at term, could be avoided with better care.